Monasterolo Casotto


Monasterolo Casotto is a small town located in the Casotto valley, of which the best known town is Pamparato. Monasterolo is divided into various hamlets. The main ones are: Borgata Sottana, Borgata Cravena, Borgata Soprana and Borgata Case Scuole. Often this village is desolate in winter, but in summer it becomes a small town where many Ligurians and Turinese go on holiday. Until a few years ago a typical restaurant was active. Recently a small restaurant has opened in Borgata Soprana which, in addition to the bar service, serves as a resale of typical products managed directly by a resident family. Just outside the town there are the remains of the castle, today only the tower remains visible. In the village there is also a Pro Loco which during the summer is managed by young people who go on holiday, who organize dinners followed by evenings of dancing in the square.

History

An ancient inscription found at the sanctuary of San Colombano attributes Roman origins to the small town of Monasterolo Casotto, whose name is still attributed to a monastery of Benedictines who settled here later around 1000 [4], but which it already saw in the epoch Lombard the presence of an ancient monastery of Benedictine nuns connected with the convent of Pogliola di Morozzo.
The addition of “Casotto”, from the name of the stream that runs through the valley, dates back to 1862, when a Royal decree granted the Municipalities of the Province of Cuneo the right to adopt a new name.
On that occasion a new coat of arms was also adopted which depicts a church leaning against a monastery on which a white tower stands, surrounded by two branches of holly.
The history of Monasterolo Casotto sees its ownership pass from the Count of Bredolo to that of Alba and to the Marquis of Ceva (on the orders of the Marquis Bonifacio of Savona who had divided the states in 1142). The Lords of Monasterolo lived in the castle, now destroyed, near the Feia stream, a castle that was the seat of duty and justice during the bloody “War of Salt”.
The territories were disputed between the Marquis of Ceva and the Savoy court, after which the inhabitants of Monasterolo also participated in the various wars of liberation that affected Piedmont first and Italy later with the world conflicts.
During the Fascist regime the Municipality was annexed to that of San Michele Mondovì until 1947, when autonomy was again recognized.
Currently the town is divided into two hamlets, the Sottana at 735 m and the Soprana at 824 m. Halfway there is the parish church built at the beginning of the twentieth century to unify the two previous parishes: that of San Bernardo in the Soprana hamlet and that of S. Antonio in the Sottana hamlet. It is dedicated to Saints James and John and keeps the bell that once belonged to the church of San Bernardo.
On a hill beyond the Soprana hamlet is the Sanctuary of S. Colombano, built around 1000 by the Benedictine monks who dedicated it to this saint of Irish origin, founder of monastic life in the kingdom of France in the seventh century. In the Monregalesi Valleys, San Colombano was depicted as a Roman soldier, perhaps to symbolize the strong link between religious and political action in the monasteries.
The current church is made up of two bodies from different periods: an older longitudinal one but of uncertain date, with incorporated bell tower and one with a square baroque plan (1645). Over the years some changes have been made to the structure, lastly, in 1884, the portico with exposed roof of the current facade was rebuilt. Inside there are still visible votive paintings as evidence of devotion to the Saint, while on the outside there is the ancient “Conca” or “Arbi”, a hollowed-out stone where oily liquid was collected which seems to have miraculous properties.
On that occasion a new coat of arms was also adopted which depicts a church leaning against a monastery on which a white tower stands, surrounded by two branches of holly.
On the fai site, in the places of the heart section there is the tower of the monasterolo castle and it is possible to vote for it.
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